Fascinating Paulownia

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Welcome to the paulownia.wbs.cz

Greetings. If you are here now, it means that you are also, like me interested in these special plants shrouded in mystery. The name of this genus of plants from Asia emerged in the last few years and you can to hear about it more and more. From childhood I´m trying to grow all sorts of plants, especially the exotic and then especially those species, which people don´t have at home . For example I have my little growing room of pineapples, they produces pineapples every year. Certainly you can not buy pineapples like these in the shops. But back to the genus Paulownia ... It attracted me immediately. It´s appearance, leaf size, the beauty of flowers, rapid growth, exoticism and it´s use ... all inspired me and I fell into cultivation. I tried the seeds of Paulownia tomentosa and Paulownia fortunei from some eShops. True, some of them germinated and grow quite well. But I am much more interested in offering more resistant species or hybrids ...

I focused on growing the species Paulownia kirl, which is characterized by high frost resistance. My Paulownia grown the first year of a maximum height of 1.3 meters and the leaves were almost 50 cm wide. Probably they would have grown even more, but the seeds I sowed quite late - in the middle of March, and also in September this year was pretty cold, so additions at the end of the growing period were smaller. We see the next year.

Description of the species Paulownia kirl and its use
Paulovnia generally is one of the exotic from Asia coming deciduous trees with origin in areas with warm climates. Several species grow well in the temperate climate similar to the central European weather. Paulownia kirl is grown as well as other Paulownias for quality straight and light wood without knots with a beautiful drawing used in carving, construction industry, biomass production and harvesting of firewood. Great importance is also given as melliferous tree, it´s searched by beekeepers. Honey has a typical taste, is light, transparent, very tasty and odorous. Biologically active substances are responsible for that honey helps well with respiratory diseases, bronchitis, with liver, digestive system and boosts immunity. With proper cultivation flowers in the second or third year. Known are even cases when little seedlings have bloomed in the first year. But these flowers can´t the seedling hold. The tree grows to a height according to the method of cultivation, mostly between 5 and 15 m, under suitable conditions up to 25 meters. Paulownia like to branch out to the sides, branches are long, crown of the tre is loose. Wood of Paulownia is not necessary to dry, it has little water content. It is suitable for direct combustion. It is used as an ornamental decorative tree, it  has tubular purple flowers, which give a pleasant smell and are very attractive to bees. Buds appear already at the end of the summer and wait through the winter. Then bloom in the spring before the leaves. It is important to plant trees on well before winter freezing wind-protected location, otherwise buds can freeze. Trees with good formation of roots and enough nutrients grow very quickly. The leaves can be wide up to 0.5 m across, are very decorative as well as flowers. Therefore it is also prized for its beauty as a solitary tree.
 
 

Growing Paulownias

The first year seedlings need more water, the deficiency can cause droopy leaves. We bet them to good aerated soil with a little compost or manure. The best are south, southeast or southwest exposure places protected from the wind. In the autumn after leaf fall is good cut the tree about 5-10 cm above the ground and cover. Survive the first winter is very important. Although kirl survives low temperatures, it must be acclimated and trunk must be strong enough, which it isn´t in the first year. In the case of shearing (recommended) then in the spring grow new and stronger stems, because the root system is strong from the first year. Very good is also let Paulownias in larger containers in a greenhouse in the first year, where they will be protected from the frosts and freezing wind and they will be aclimated. Over the winter watering is minimal, just so that the plant is not dried. If you want to do a proper trunk, then it is important to remove sprouts and lower branches to a height of about 2-3 meters. Seedlings origin is in China, where the trees grow and where winter temperatures can reach up to -28 ° C, so it is hardy. It grows in variety soil types. However, if there will be a sufficient supply of minerals and nutrients in the soil after planting, it will form roots better and will grow faster, leaves will be much bigger, too. Fertilization is recommended for faster root development and preparation for the winter.

 

 

Have a look also on my other sites with Paulownias, but also with other interesting, fascinating and exotic trees.

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